Various programs from Indonesian presidents for Papua and West Papua started in 1999 after the New Order ended. The work programs of those presidents must be made notes so that they could be a lesson in resolving the polemic in Papua and West Papua, which continues to this day.
Abdurrahman Wahid, colloquially known as Gus Dur, was the 4th President of Indonesia. Wahid performed an essential position in altering the Western New Guinea name of Irian Jaya (which was coined by President Suharto) to Papua in 2002.
Wahid allowed the raising of the Morning Star flag, however the flag position ought to be in a lower position than the Indonesian flag. His determination drew sharp criticism from many political figures in Indonesia. The Indonesian Authorized Aid Foundation said that Wahid considered the Morning Star flag only as banners reasonably than symbols of certain groups.
Wahid provided room for teams opposing the existence of Indonesia to be able to hold dialogues securely.
Wahid’s agenda at that time was to fulfill numerous components of society in Papua and watched the primary sunrise of the second millennium on January 1, 2000.
Because of his considerations concerning West Papua, Abdurrahman grew to become the first Indonesian president who occupied a particular place inside West Papuans’ heart.
Abdurrahman Wahid’s contribution for West Papua:
Changed the name Irian Jaya to Papua
Facilitated the Second Congress of the Folks of West Papua attended by 5,000 West Papuans
Megawati, The First Feminine President Who Brings Prosperity
Megawati is the fifth president of Indonesia and in addition the daughter of the first president, Sukarno. To encourage the development in West Papua, Megawati initiated numerous plans for the construction of roads, bridges, and other infrastructure.
Each publish-New Order presidential work program displays President Sukarno’s vision of West Papua. The prosperity and security of West Papuans is the federal government’s top priority and is following the 5th precepts of Pancasila, namely “Social justice for all Indonesians”. “All Indonesians” means every single citizen from Sabang to Merauke, from Aceh to West Papua.
Megawati Sukarnoputri’s contribution for West Papua:
Passed the Special Autonomy Law for West Papua (Law №21/2001)
Issued a coverage that leaders of presidency positions in West Papua have to be native West Papuans
Began the granting of annual special autonomy funds, at present reaching IDR 8.36 trillion (2019)
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, A Hope for West Papuan Workers
Throughout his time as president, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY) carried out three strategic programs. He revised Law 21/2001 on Special Autonomy for West Papua to Particular Autonomy Plus. He made a conflict resolution plan and meant to proceed a full and extensive development in West Papua.
Throughout the ten years of Yudhoyono’s presidency, he was not but glad with West Papua’s growth. He hoped that the following president would proceed to focus on increasing public confidence within the West Papuan grassroots, strengthening security in the Central Mountains, and the formation of a Jakarta-Papua dialogue for restoring the political conditions in West Papua.
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono’s contribution for West Papua:
Required all companies in West Papua to have 70% West Papuans workers
Opened communication with five major West Papuan tribes
Established Merauke Integrated Food and Energy Estate (MIFEE)
In the present day’s Period: Revolutionizing Infrastructure and Human Resources
Joko Widodo’s administration prioritizes infrastructure and human resource development as a broad framework for battle resolutions in West Papua. Widodo carried out the One Fuel Value policy. He considered that a single fuel price is a type of social justice for West Papuans. In his first term of presidency, he constructed the Palapa Ring Telecommunication Network. Joko needs all areas West Papua to enjoy quick internet in 2020.
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