Various programs from Indonesian presidents for Papua and West Papua started in 1999 after the New Order ended. The work programs of those presidents have to be made notes in order that they could be a lesson in resolving the polemic in Papua and West Papua, which continues to this day.
Abdurrahman Wahid, colloquially known as Gus Dur, was the 4th President of Indonesia. Wahid performed an essential function in altering the Western New Guinea name of Irian Jaya (which was coined by President Suharto) to Papua in 2002.
Wahid allowed the elevating of the Morning Star flag, however the flag position should be in a decrease position than the Indonesian flag. His resolution drew sharp criticism from many political figures in Indonesia. The Indonesian Authorized Aid Basis said that Wahid considered the Morning Star flag only as banners reasonably than symbols of certain groups.
Wahid provided room for teams opposing the existence of Indonesia to be able to hold dialogues securely.
Wahid’s agenda at that time was to satisfy various elements of society in Papua and watched the first sunrise of the second millennium on January 1, 2000.
Because of his considerations relating to West Papua, Abdurrahman grew to become the first Indonesian president who occupied a particular place inside West Papuans’ heart.
Abdurrahman Wahid’s contribution for West Papua:
Modified the name Irian Jaya to Papua
Facilitated the Second Congress of the People of West Papua attended by 5,000 West Papuans
Megawati, The First Feminine President Who Brings Prosperity
Megawati is the fifth president of Indonesia and likewise the daughter of the primary president, Sukarno. To encourage the development in West Papua, Megawati initiated various plans for the construction of roads, bridges, and other infrastructure.
Every post-New Order presidential work program displays President Sukarno’s vision of West Papua. The prosperity and security of West Papuans is the government’s top priority and is following the 5th precepts of Pancasila, namely “Social justice for all Indonesians”. “All Indonesians” means each single citizen from Sabang to Merauke, from Aceh to West Papua.
Megawati Sukarnoputri’s contribution for West Papua:
Passed the Particular Autonomy Law for West Papua (Law №21/2001)
Issued a policy that leaders of presidency positions in West Papua must be native West Papuans
Started the granting of annual special autonomy funds, at the moment reaching IDR 8.36 trillion (2019)
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, A Hope for West Papuan Workers
During his time as president, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (SBY) carried out three strategic programs. He revised Law 21/2001 on Particular Autonomy for West Papua to Special Autonomy Plus. He made a battle decision plan and intended to proceed a full and extensive development in West Papua.
During the ten years of Yudhoyono’s presidency, he was not but glad with West Papua’s growth. He hoped that the next president would continue to concentrate on rising public confidence within the West Papuan grassroots, strengthening security in the Central Mountains, and the formation of a Jakarta-Papua dialogue for restoring the political conditions in West Papua.
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono’s contribution for West Papua:
Required all firms in West Papua to have 70% West Papuans workers
Opened communication with five major West Papuan tribes
Established Merauke Integrated Meals and Energy Estate (MIFEE)
Right now’s Period: Revolutionizing Infrastructure and Human Resources
Joko Widodo’s administration prioritizes infrastructure and human resource development as a broad framework for conflict resolutions in West Papua. Widodo implemented the One Fuel Value policy. He considered that a single fuel value is a type of social justice for West Papuans. In his first term of presidency, he constructed the Palapa Ring Telecommunication Network. Joko desires all regions West Papua to enjoy quick internet in 2020.